Myofascial ( Muscle ) Trigger Point Technique
Myofascial ( Muscle ) Trigger points are areas of hyper-irritability in the soft tissue structure. These can be acute sources of pain or latent, unnoticed by the client until pressure is applied by the practitioner. Trigger points are manifested as small contraction knots in the muscles, that control the state of contraction and active ones may cause muscle spasm and referred pain. People who suffer from, Head Aches, Back Pain, Neck Pain, Shoulder or Arm Pain, Hip or leg pain, Tendonitis or any other Musculo-Skeletal pain, are almost certain to have Myofascial ( Muscle ) Trigger points as either a major causative factor or a secondary factor contributing to much of their pain. Even spinal disc and neurological pain can have underlying trigger points that can greatly increase their symptoms if not treated.
Treatment consists of hands-on manual therapy and stretching. Varied pressure is applied by the practitioner, who is able to locate the specific points causing pain and restricted movement and these may often be located in places different to where the client actually feels the pain.
Trigger Point Therapy is sometimes incorporated with other techniques within the session and the client is usually clothed for the treatment.
Psoas Trigger Points
What Is The Psoas?
The Psoas (pronounced "so - az") is one of the largest and thickest muscles of the body. This powerful muscle runs down the lower mid spine beginning at the 12th thoracic vertebrae connecting to all the vertebral bodies, discs and transverse processes of all the lumbar vertebrae down across the pelvis to attach on the inside of the top of the leg at the lesser trochanter. The lower portion combines with fibres from the iliacus muscle, which sits inside the surface of the pelvis and sacrum, to become the Iliopsoas muscle as it curves over the pubic bone and inserts on the lesser trochanter. The psoas has a number of functions, making it a key factor in health. The psoas functions primarily as a hip and thigh flexor, which makes it the major walking muscle. If the legs are stationary the action of it is to bend the spine forward; if sitting, it stabilizes and balances the trunk. The psoas is also a major part of your body's defensive physiology which responds to danger with flight, fight or freeze, therefore it must be understood that unresolved trauma can keep the psoas short and reactive.
The Psoas muscle is working in just about every posture and movement pattern and is therefore very susceptible to overload. Overloading causes tightness and weakness, which leads to many and varied problems such as;
How Is the ‘Psoas’ Treated?
The therapist will perform a detailed assessment and take a case history to determine if the Psoas Muscle is contributing to your pain pattern. Treating the Psoas involves treating specific trigger points or ( ‘knots’ ) along the length of the muscles, combined with isometric contract / relax stretches and home exercises to balance the hip and get it back in correct alignment, helping to reduce or remove some of the tension on the joints, vertebrae, discs and surrounding muscles.
Treatment can sometimes be slightly uncomfortable, depending on how tight the muscle is, but the results are well worth the minimal discomfort and when it is released causes the greatest amount of relief, restoration of range of motion, improved function and gait and a sense of freedom, like a heavy weight has been removed from the hip joint and lower back.
* Psoas trigger point work should only be performed by a therapist who is trained in this area. ( Stefan has undertaken specialised training in treating The Psoas Muscle )
Benefits Of Treating The Psoas Muscle: